En vivo: Situación en Venezuela 6 de Agosto

Ver: Levantamiento militar en Venezuela: 2 muertos y 7 detenidos. El chavista Diosdado Cabello y el ministro de Defensa calificaron de “terrorista” el acto liderado por el capitán Juan Caguaripano contra el Fuerte Paramacay de Carabobo.

Venezuela military base attacked as video shows men in uniform claiming start of coup

Mercosur suspende membresía de Venezuela

Los cancilleres de los países fundadores del Mercosur aplicaron la cláusula democrática de la organización y suspendieron la membresía de Venezuela alegando que el Gobierno de ese país rompió el hilo constitucional.

Imagen: http://www.mercosur.int/innovaportal/file/3862/2/mapa-web-es-min.jpg

Este sábado (5.8.2017), el canciller brasileño, Aloysio Nunes, informó desde Sao Paulo, que los Estados fundadores del Mercado Común del Sur (Mercsour) –Argentina, Brasil, Paraguay y Uruguay– habían optado por cancelar indefinidamente la membresía de Venezuela, que se había unido a ese bloque en 2012. Nunes habló de una “suspensión de naturaleza política, por consenso; una sanción grave de naturaleza política contra Venezuela”. Los ministros de Exteriores del Mercosur aplicaron la cláusula democrática del organismo –el Protocolo de Ushuaia– alegando que el “hombre fuerte” de Caracas, Nicolás Maduro, ha roto el hilo constitucional de Venezuela.

Aunque la cláusula en cuestión permite la aplicación de sanciones económicas a los países en los que se arremeta contra el Estado de derecho, Nunes subrayó que “no está prevista una sanción comercial”, sino una medida de “aislamiento político”. Analistas de la crisis venezolana dudan que esta medida u otras de carácter comercial ejerzan presión efectiva sobre Maduro para obligarlo a retornar a la vereda democrática. La razón: el comercio entre Mercosur y Venezuela ya ha caído un 66,7 por ciento desde su ingreso en 2012, al pasar de un volumen total de 9.742 millones de dólares a 3.240 millones a cierre de 2016, según un informe de la consultora privada Abeceb publicado este mismo 5 de agosto.

De acuerdo a los datos del reporte de Abeceb, en el último lustro las exportaciones del Mercosur hacia Venezuela descendieron un 63,8 por ciento, de 7.761 millones de dólares a 2.807 millones; mientras que las importaciones desde el país caribeño sufrieron un desplome aún mayor, del 78,14 %, de 1.981 a 433. Las cifras ofrecidas por Abeceb muestran que el retroceso de la actividad comercial se produjo principalmente en los últimos dos años, debido a la crisis económica vivida en el país, que según las previsiones de la consultora provocará este año una caída del PIB de más del 10 por ciento.

Dentro de Mercosur, los principales exportadores hacia Venezuela en 2016 fueron Argentina y Brasil, con el 52 por ciento y el 45 por ciento de las ventas totales, respectivamente, mientras que las de Paraguay y Uruguay apenas representaron el 2 por ciento y el 1 por ciento, respectivamente. En cuanto a las importaciones, Brasil fue con diferencia el mayor comprador de bienes venezolanos, con el 96 por ciento del total; en tanto que Argentina supuso el 3 por ciento; Paraguay, el 1 por ciento y Uruguay, un porcentaje cercano al 0 por ciento. Los alimentos totalizaron más de la mitad de las exportaciones de Mercosur hacia Venezuela, y de 2012 a 2016 descendieron un 53,7 por ciento.

Por otro lado, los productos más demandados a Venezuela por los socios del bloque comercial, con casi dos terceras partes, fueron los relacionados con los combustibles y lubricantes –especialmente el petróleo–, que en los últimos cinco años experimentaron un retroceso del 83,7 por ciento.

En: DW

Turkey one year after the failed coup – DW Documentary

Turkey’s Failed Coup
3 | January| 2017

The failed coup in Turkey triggered a crisis with several layers. Internally a large numbers of high officials have been demoted or jailed and the overall repression increased. Externally, the changes beg for questions yet to be answered: What is going to be the impact of the events in NATO, in the EU, in Syria civil war, in the refugee crisis, and the struggle against ISIS.

Resources

Timeline: A history of Turkish coups [07/2016]
Al Jazeera

Opinions & Analyses

The End of Democracy in Turkey [03/01/2017]
Dexter Filkins, New Yorker

Turkey will get worse before it gets better [01/11/2016]
Kemal Kirişci, Brookings

Turkey’s New Maps Are Reclaiming the Ottoman Empire [23/10/2016]
Nick Danforth, Foreign Policy

Les ravages d’un coup d’État frustré [10/2016]
Henri J. Barkey, AFKAR/IDEAS

Turkey After July 15 – Dawn or Disaster? [10/2016]
W. Robert Pearson, The Ambassadors Review

Turkey’s Thirty-Year Coup[17/10/2016]
Dexter Filkins, The New Yorker

Will State of Emergency Become the New Normal for Turkey?[03/10/2016]
Cengiz Çandar, Al-Monitor

Erdogan Faces a Choice Between Popularity and Power[28/09/2016]
James F. Jeffrey, Financial Times

Two Conflicting Paths: Turkish Foreign Relations After the Failed Coup[22/09/2016]
Abdullatif Hejazi, FARAS

Gulenist crisis sets off intra-Islamic debate in Turkey[02/09/2016]
Mustafa Akyol, Al Monitor

El pueblo turco defendió su democracia[09/2016]
Ömer Önhon, ES Global

What’s next for Turkey’s journalists following post-coup crackdown?[01/09/2016]
Cengiz Çandar, Al Monitor

15 years of Turkey’s AKP: Is it a success story?[31/08/2016]
Kursat Akyol, Al Monitor

Turkey Is in Its Own Post-9/11 Fury[25/08/2016]
Mustafa Akyol, Al-Monitor

A Cynical Report Card on the Turkish Game of Thrones[13/08/2016]
Oğuzhan Göksel, E-IR

Fethullah Gülen : « Je demande une enquête internationale sur le putsch raté en Turquie »[11/08/2016]
Fethullah Gülen, Le Monde

Welcome to the Erdoğan fanclub[11/08/2016]
Zia Weise, Politico

Taking Turkey Seriously[11/08/2016]
Carl Bildt, Project Syndicate

Turkey Is No Longer a Reliable Ally[10/08/2016]
Steven A. Cook and Michael J. Koplow, Wall Street Journal

Turkey scrambles to defend rating after coup attempt and purge[10/08/2016]
Laura Pitel, Financial Times

The future of civil society in Erdoğan’s Turkey: between control and co-option[08/08/2016]
Jessica Leigh Doyle, Open Democracy

Unravelling Turkey’s pivot to the East[05/08/2016]
Theodore Karasik, Al Arabiya

Understanding the Gülen Movement[05/08/2016]
Jeff Jager, Small Wars Journal

What makes governments resistant to coups? Transparency with voters.[05/08/2016]
James R. Hollyer, B. Peter Rosendorff and James Raymond Vreeland, Washington Post

Turkey’s Model of Democracy[04/08/2016]
Thanassis Cambanis, Boston Globe

How to Play Nice With an Angry Erdogan[03/08/2016]
Stephen Kinzer, New York Times

Democracy in Turkey: Before and after the coup (podcast)[03/08/2016]
Kemal Kirişci, Ted Piccone and Adrianna Pita, Brookings

The Roots of Gulenist Power In Turkey: The Coup and After[03/08/2016]
John Butler and Dov Friedman, Foreign Affairs

Erdogan’s Purge Is a Sectarian War[03/08/2016]
Edward Luttwak, Foreign Policy

An absurd threat from Ankara[01/08/2016]
Bernd Riegert, DW

Will Turkey’s coup attempt prompt others nearby?[30/07/2016]
Curtis Bell and Jonathan Powell, Washington Post

Turkey’s failed coup could have disastrous consequences for Europe’s migrant crisis[29/07/2016]
Jessica Brandt, Brookings

Coups work only for autocracies, not democracies[27/07/2016]
Ahmed al-Burai, Al Jazeera

Turquía: urge investigar[25/07/2016]
Baltasar Garzón, El País

If Tensions Increase with the West, Erdogan Might Find a Friend in Putin[23/07/2016]
Soner Cagaptay, The Guardian

U.S. Must Remain Committed to Democracy in Turkey[22/07/2016]
Eduardo Garmarra & Orcun Selçuk, Miami Herald

«Un jour, la Turquie sortira de ce système autoritaire »[22/07/2016]
Entrevista a Pinar Selek, Le Monde

Security in the Eastern Mediterranean after the Coup Attempt: Turkey’s Reckoning and Washington’s Worries[21/07/2016]
Jeffrey Rathke, Lisa Sawyer Samp, CSIS

Turkey’s Post-Coup Reverberations Are Just Beginning[21/07/2016]
Fadi Hakura, Chatham House

How Erdogan Made Turkey Authoritarian Again[21/07/2016]
Steven A. Cook, The Atlantic

Turkey has defeated a coup – and unleashed a violent mob[17/07/2016]
Alev Scott, The Guardian

Erdogan promised to bring true democracy to Turkey. Instead, he’s held it hostage[17/07/2016]
Elmira Bayrasli, Quartz

Extraordinary Times in Turkey[21/06/2016]
Murat Yetkin, Hurriyet Daily News

Can Liberalism Return to Turkey?[20/06/2016]
AA.VV., Carnegie Europe

People with Big Ambitions: What the Turkish Coup Means for Russia[20/06/2016]
Fyodor Lukyanov, Moscow Times

A Coup as Audacious as Turkey’s Future[20/06/2016]
Reva Goujon, Stratfor

How The Failed Turkish Coup Helps Putin[19/06/2016]
Anna Borshchevskaya, The Hill

Why there are so many conspiracy theories about the Turkish coup[19/06/2016]
Kristin Fabbe and Kimberly Guiler, Washington Post

The Strategic Consequences of Turkey’s Failed Coup[19/06/2016]
Sinan Ülgen, Project Syndicate

The Fallout from the Coup in Turkey[19/06/2016]
AA.VV., New York Times

Coup d’État larvé[19/06/2016]
Benito Perez, Le Courrier

The Public Trial of Fethullah Gulen[19/06/2016]
David Kenner, Foreign Policy

Should Gulen face trial for Turkish coup attempt?[18/06/2016]
Mustafa Akyol, Al Monitor

Three Western Worries About Turkey
[18/06/2016]
Marc Pierini, Carnegie Europe

Erdogan’s Prophesy: The Coup Attempt Will Leave Him Stronger[18/06/2016]
Michael J. Koplow, Foreign Affairs

Turkey and NATO: What Comes Next Is Messy[18/06/2016]
James Stavridis, Foreign Policy

Failed Coup Attempt: An Opportunity for Turkish Democracy[18/06/2016]
Ozgur Unluhisarcikli, German Marshall Fund

Who did it? Why now? And other questions about the coup attempt in Turkey[18/06/2016]
Murat Yetkin, Hurriyet Daily News

Turkey’s coup: the first one that failed[18/06/2016]
William Chislett, Elcano

A salute to the media…[18/06/2016]
Yusuf Kanli, Hurriyet Daily News

El golpe fracasa, pero la democracia no triunfa[18/06/2016]
Ilke Toygür, El País

Turkey Faces Its Iran 1979 Moment[17/06/2016]
Soner Cagaptay, Wall Street Journal

Was Turkey’s coup attempt just an elaborate hoax by Erdogan?[17/06/2016]
Cengiz Çandar, Al Monitor

Turkey’s Failed Coup: What Happened, Who’s Behind It, What Happens Next?[17/06/2016]
Barın Kayaoğlu, National Interest

Turquie : “Après ce putsch, la contestation sera impossible”[17/06/2016]
Entrevista a Dorothée Schmid, Le JDD

Is It Time to Celebrate Democracy in Turkey?[17/06/2016]
Mustafa Akyol, New York Times

Turkey’s Baffling Coup[17/06/2016]
Dani Rodrik, Project Syndicate

Why Coups Fail: The Outcome in Turkey Was No Surprise[17/06/2016]
Brian Klaas, Foreign Affairs

Erdoğan’s Pyrrhic victory[17/06/2016]
Hugh Pope  and Nigar Göksel, Politico

Turquie, coup d’Etat avorté, l’armée turque n’est plus «L’Etat profond»[16/07/2016]
Hassane Zerrouky, L’ Humanite

The coup attempt is bad news for Turkey’s democracy[16/07/2016]
Soner Cagaptay, Washington Post

Failed Coup Could Upend Turkish Military[16/07/2016]
Paul McLeary, Foreign Policy

Why Turkey’s Coup d’État Failed[16/07/2016]
Edward Luttwak, Foreign Policy

How Erdogan’s anti-democratic government made Turkey ripe for unrest[16/07/2016]
Yüksel Sezgin, Washington Post

A l’image d’une société fracturée, l’armée turque étale ses divisions[16/07/2016]
Marc Semo, Le Monde

What’s next for Turkey[16/07/2016]
Marc Pierini, Politico

Turkey’s coup plotters left all alone[16/07/2016]
Ertuğrul Özkök, Hurriyet Daily News

Erdogan’s Real Opportunity After the Failed Coup in Turkey[16/07/2016]
Kemal Kirisci, National Interest

Turquía: ¿golpe militar o levantamiento de militares?[16/07/2016]
Félix Arteaga, Elcano

Coup d’état attempt: Turkey’s Reichstag fire?[16/07/2016]
Ayşe Kadıoğlu, Open Democracy

Turkey’s Next Military Coup[30/05/2016]
Gonul Tol, Foreign Affairs

Editorials

Can Turkey’s Democracy Survive Erdogan?[02/11/2016]
New York Times

Erdogan n’en finit pas d’éloigner la Turquie de l’Europe [31/10/2016]
Le Monde

Turkey faces risk of institutional collapse[22/07/2016]
Financial Times

Turkey’s Worrying Slide Into Tyranny[22/07/2016]
Telegraph

Erdogan’s Revenge: The Coup and the Crackdown[22/07/2016]
The Economist

The Guardian view on the week in Turkey: coup – and counter-coup?
[21/07/2016]
The Guardian

Mr. Erdogan’s Reckless Revenge[20/06/2016]
The New York Times

The Countercoup in Turkey[18/06/2016]
The New York Times

Golpe en Turquía[18/06/2016]
El País

Turquie : les leçons d’un putsch manqué[18/06/2016]
Le Monde

How Turkey’s failed coup was democracy’s success[18/06/2016]
Christian Science Monitor

News

Police Disperse Crowd Protesting Detentions in Turkey[26/10/2016]
Wall Street Journal

Turkish police detain co-mayors of Diyarbakır [25/10/2016]
Hurriyet Daily News

Turkey Issues New Warrants for 189 Judges, Prosecutors[14/10/2016]
New York Times

Turkey Suspends 12,800 Police Officers From Duty[03/10/2016]
Suzan Fraser, Associated Press

Turkish legislators press case for Gulen extradition[03/09/2016]
Barbara Slavin, Al Monitor

Inside the Turkish Military’s Civil War[31/08/2016]
Jared Malsin, Time

What’s behind Turkey’s selective clampdown on Gulen community?[24/08/2016]
Sukru Kucuksahin, Al Monitor

Turkey to release 38,000 from jail; frees space for plotters[17/08/2016]
Suzan Fraser, Associated Pres

Turkey’sPurge Marks Endgame in Islamist Civil War[07/08/2016]
Ishaan Tharoor, The Washington Post

US ‘evaluating new documents’ on Fethullah Gulen[05/08/2016]
Al Arabiya

U.S. Not Persuaded to Extradite Imam Over Turkey Coup[04/08/2016]
Devlin Barrett and Adam Entous

Why so many German Turks support Erdogan[01/08/2016]
Wolfgang Dick, DW

Turkey ruling, opposition parties rally together after coup[25/07/2016]
Gareth Jones, Reuters

Turkey detains 42 journalists in crackdown as Europe sounds alarm[25/07/2016]
Seda Sezer and Daren Butler, Reuters

Turkey’s Erdogan promises ‘new blood’ in armed forces after post-coup shake-up[22/07/2016]
Middle East Eye

Erdogan installe sa « démocrature » en Turquie[21/07/2016]
Marie Jégo, Le Monde

Obama’s Support of Erdogan Is a Stark Reminder of Turkey’s Value to U.S.[20/06/2016]
Mark Landler, New York Times

Erdogan’s Final Agenda[20/06/2016]
Uri Friedman, The Atlantic

Turkey bans all academics from travel in latest post-coup measure[20/06/2016]
Hugh Naylor and Loveday Morris, Washington Post

Turquia afasta mais de 15 mil funcionários da Educação[19/06/2016]
DW

Turkey coup attempt exposes Gülen-Erdoğan lobbying battle in the US[19/06/2016]
Max Lewontin, CS Monitor

Interior Ministry suspends 8,777 officials after Turkey’s failed coup attempt[18/06/2016]
Hurriyet Daily News

EU fears Turkey crackdown could ‘destroy’ relations[18/06/2016]
Andrew Rettman, EU Observer

Kerry urges Turkey to maintain democratic principles after coup attempt[18/06/2016]
Carol Morello, Washington Post

Putin Calls Erdogan to Voice Support for Order in Turkey[18/06/2016]
Damien Sharkov, Newsweek

Before Turkey coup bid, high school students had joined fray over Erdoğan(+video) [18/06/2016]
Alexander Christie-Miller, CS Monitor

Erdogan Triumphs After Coup Attempt, but Turkey’s Fate Is Unclear[17/07/2016]
Tim Arango and Ceylan Yeginsu, New York Times

Turkey’s coup attempt: What you need to know[17/07/2016]
BBC

How the military coup attempt may change Turkey(+video) [17/07/2016]
Scott Peterson, CS Monitor

The Purge Begins in Turkey[17/07/2016]
Dexter Filkins, New Yorker

Turkey coup: Who was behind Turkey coup attempt?[16/07/2016]
Ezgi Basaran, BBC

Why did Turkish coup plot fail?[16/07/2016]
Paul Kirby, BBC News

An Exiled Cleric Denies Playing a Leading Role in Coup Attempt[16/07/2016]
Stephanie Saul, New York Times

Info from: IPRI/Nova – Instituto Português de Relações Internacionais