Combating school bullying through multi-role experience-based virtual scenario learning model: Assessing empathy, problem-solving, and self-efficacy from a multi-stakeholder perspective by Kai-Hsiang Yang * , Yi Lu

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This study explores the applications of virtual scenario learning in addressing the global issue of
school bullying through digital educational tools. Previous research suggests that virtual roleplaying experiences can reduce bullying incidents; however, experiencing the victim role can evoke negative emotions, while the bystander role may not fully convey the severity of bullying.
This study aims to investigate the effects of a multi-role experience-based virtual scenario
learning model on learners by integrating the advantages of both roles. This study employed a
quasi-experimental research method, which involved grouping 56 fourth-grade elementary school students in Taipei City, Taiwan, into an experimental group and a control group. The experimental group utilized the multi-role experience-based virtual scenario learning model, while the control group utilized a single-role experience-based model. The study compared the differences in academic achievement, empathy, and problem-solving tendencies between the two groups. The findings indicate that the experimental group significantly excelled over the control group in academic achievement, empathy, and problem-solving tendencies. The multi-role experiencebased virtual scenario learning model effectively nurtures students’ empathy and considerably enhances learners’ awareness of campus bullying.

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