17 September, the European Commission published the proposal for a so-called recast of the Directive establishing a single European railway market (reference 2001/14/EC). The proposal includes an obligation to include noise related cost in the track access charges. Article 31(5) of the Proposal reads:
“When charging for the cost of noise effects is allowed by Union legislation for road freight transport, the infrastructure charges shall be modified to take account of the cost of noise effects caused by the operation of the train in accordance with Annex VIII, point 2. Annex VIII, point 2 may be amended in the light of experience, in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 60, in particular to specify the elements of differentiated infrastructure charges.”
Whereas Annex VIII, 2 reads:
“2. Noise-differentiated infrastructure charges referred to in Article 31(5) shall meet the
(a) The charge shall be differentiated to reflect the composition of a train of vehicles respecting limit values for noise set by Commission Decision 2006/66/EC19 (TSI Noise).
(b) Priority shall be given to freight wagons.
(c) Differentiation according to the noise emission levels of freight wagons shall
allow the payback of investments within a reasonable period for retrofitting wagons with the most economically viable low-noise braking technology available.
(d) Further elements to differentiate charges may be considered such as:
i) time of day, in particular night-time for noise emissions;
ii) train composition with an impact on the level of noise emissions;
iii) sensitivity of the area affected by local emissions;
iv) further classes for noise emissions significantly lower than the one referred to under point (a).”
The so-called 2nd reading for this proposal can be expected for early 2012, with a possible implementation in the Member States by early 2015. Slowly, the harmonised noise dependent track access charges are coming !