UNIT 11: Food and The environment

How Are Food and the Environment Related?

Are we killing the environment or is it killing us? When we look at what we eat and how we grow it, we find extensive evidence for damage both to our food (from pollution and soil depletion) and to our environment (from the toxicity of growing foods industrially).

How you can feed your detoxification system

You can increase the ability of your body to convert toxins to non-toxic substances and to eliminate toxins by doing the following:

  1. Drink extra water.
  2. Consume a balanced diet of whole foods, colorful fruits and vegetables, such as broccoli, squash, blueberries, citrus, beets, dandelion greens, artichokes, pomegranate, and carrots. These foods are filled with phytonutrients and have been shown to boost detoxification.
  3. Eat celery-an “unassuming” but powerful detoxifying food that provides phytonutrients that benefit the liver’s ability to detoxify.
  4. Include the following foods containing antioxidants (vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, and selenium): beets, broccoli, asparagus, swiss chard, kale, peaches, red peppers, papayas, parsley, carrots, apricots, alfalfa, avocados, cantaloupe, and green leafy vegetables. Antioxidants are necessary for neutralizing free radicals.
  5. Add whole grains, such as brown rice, quinoa, and oats to aid elimination.
  6. Add legumes, such as black beans, white beans, chickpeas, and lentils as soluble fiber to aid in elimination.
  7. Increase protein intake from sources like soy, eggs, nuts, and seeds. Also choose lean grass-fed beef and free-range, natural poultry. Protein is essential to the second phase of detoxification, during which protein in the liver attaches to molecules the body is getting rid of and escorts them out of the body.
  8. Include adequate B-vitaminsfrom whole grains, nuts, seeds, and seafood. B-vitamins are needed for the initiation of the detoxification system.
  9. Include probiotics(i.e. acidophilus) to promote gut health.




Would you change your eating habits? Why/ Why not? How do you think our diet will change 10 0r 20 years from now? Why?


UNIT 10: The Secrets of Advertising

Funny Advertisements

When it comes to advertising, a brand can attempt to connect with audiences through a variety of creative strategies, some of which include stirring emotions, offering an aspirational model, or presenting a slice of reality. However, it’s often the humorous ads – the clever, laugh out loud, rolling on the floor ads – that will not only connect with audiences, but also get them talking, sharing, and thinking positively about a brand.

Clever and funny advertising provokes a feel-good feeling. It makes audiences feel good about a brand because the brains behind the brand have purposefully attempted to – and hopefully succeeded – in understanding and challenging its audience in order to get grins and chuckles. And who doesn’t like to be understood, challenged or made to laugh?


1- What’s your favorite ad? What’s it about? What’s the product that is promoted?

2-Some people think that advertising has turned us into a greedier society. Do you agree? Why or Why not?



After answering “YES” to the advertisement above which sounds very inviting, let’s read about what the job involves.


“Eating chocolate for a living may seem like the sweetest way to earn a paycheck, but one professional chocolate taster told us that it’s not always sugar and spice.

I don’t eat; I “taste”

I can sample as many as 30 chocolates per day, so to keep my palate 
vibrant, I spit the sweets back out. That’s another not-so-glamorous 
part of the job (although it does 
help make weight gain a nonissue!). 
Between samples, I wait 30 seconds to let my senses rest, and I chew half an unsalted cracker and drink plain warm water (carbonated water and ice water numb your senses).

There’s real skill involved

First I smell the chocolate and log its aroma. I also listen: If chocolate doesn’t sound crisp when broken, it may be a sign it’s old or was improperly stored. Then I place a one-inch cube in my mouth and leave it there for a few seconds. I press it against my palate and let it melt, recording the four basic tastes—sweet, sour, bitter, and salty. Then I blow out short puffs of air through my nose. Certain scent receptors in the back of our heads are stimulated by 
oxygen (they allow us to smell 
food even when we chew). Exhaling sharply can bring out aromas like berry, mushroom, black licorice, 
tea, citrus, beeswax, toast, cinnamon, and savory spices that are sometimes too subtle for the nose 
to catch. I log these attributes, too, along with the texture.

Here’s how to taste like a pro

Many people don’t take enough time to appreciate the taste of even a small piece of chocolate. Some of the worst “chocolates” I’ve tasted are popular vending machine bars—they’re mostly sugar, not chocolate! A key sign of high-quality chocolate: The first ingredient listed is cocoa. But if I give you a 100 percent cocoa chocolate bar, you’ll probably push it away because you’re not used to it. Many American foods are overly salty or sweet, which can create an unbalanced palate. To retrain your taste buds to enjoy better quality chocolate, try simple kinds that aren’t filled with nuts, vanilla, or caramel. As a taster, I want to help others do what I do: to look at food with curiosity and love and to 
notice colors, aromas, and flavors. Then you’ll know good quality.

Orietta Gianjorio, a chocolate taster for the Mars Chocolate-UC Davis Chocolate Panel, is also a sommelier and food writer in Northern California.

Source: Reader’s Digest- Food fun and news- By Orietta Gianjorio as told to Kelsey Kloss

1- If you could, would you like to apply for this job? why-why not?

2-Do you think chocolate does any good to our body system? Explain


How to Get Your Dream Job

Maybe you’ve just graduated from university and are struggling to figure out what your dream job might be. Or perhaps you are already working a 9-5 job but are feeling unfulfilled in your current role. Landing your dream job may seem like a daunting task but it can be done with motivation and persistence. You will first need to identify your dream job or the qualities of your dream role and then focus on getting the necessary skills and education for the job so that you can then apply for your dream job and improve your chances of finally landing it. Here, some tips:

  • Think about what makes you feel happy and fulfilled.The first big step to getting your dream job is identifying what roles, positions, or skills make you feel happy and fulfilled. Your dream job should be a position that you truly love to do, day in and day out, despite any challenges or obstacles that you may come across. Think back to any times when you were happiest and the most fulfilled.
  • Identify your personal values and ideals. When you think about your dream role, you should think about your personal values and ideals. Your personal values are the core beliefs or ideas that are the most important to you. Identifying your personal values can allow you to really focus on what you are passionate about in your career. Consider some guiding questions to help you identify your personal values:
  • Write down your personal goalsPersonal goals can motivate you to pursue a certain career option or an educational option which could then become your dream job. Writing down your personal goals forces you to be self-reflective and consider what activities or moments are meaningful to you. You can then use these goals to focus on what you are passionate about and how you can achieve your passions, or your dream role.
  • Do a best possible self-exercise. This exercise can help you to visualize a best possible future self and home in on your dream job or role. Even if you do not have a clear picture of your best possible self, it will help you get better insight into your goals, motivations and passions for the future. It will also require you to be self-reflective and use critical thinking to determine where you see yourself in several years.
  • Determine your skill setA big element of achieving your dream job is having the necessary skills to acquire the job. Depending on the skills required for the job, you may be able to learn these skills or work toward learning these skills while you are doing the job. You should consider what skills you already possess as you pursue your dream job, as this can give you the confidence boost you may need to really go for the job.

Source: https://www.wikihow.com/Get-Your-Dream-Job

1Describe your ideal job. 2 Is it easy or difficult to find a job in your country? Why? 3. What advice have you heard for getting a job? Do you think the ideas in the above article are useful for getting an ideaor dream job? Why?


I’m looking forward to reading your posts:)



Sometimes promoted as the successor to Luciano Pavarotti, Peru’s Juan Diego Flórez is actually a very different kind of tenor, and one of a sort that has not been seen much in recent years: his voice is light, extremely athletic, and suited above all to the bel canto tenor roles of the early nineteenth century. Among the accomplishments of his young career was the restoration to its proper place of a difficult passage, long considered unsingable, in the role of Almaviva in Rossini‘s Il barbière di Siviglia. His primary vocal model is not Pavarotti but Spanish tenor Alfredo Kraus — a performer less well known to the general public but equally well admired among opera cognoscenti.

Born in 1973 in Lima to a folk guitarist father, Flórez sang when he was young in a rock band that specialized in Beatles and Led Zeppelin covers. What set him on the road to an operatic career was a free voice course he took in conjunction with membership in his high school choir. He enrolled at the Lima Conservatory when he was 17, moving on from there to Philadelphia’s Curtis Institute on a full scholarship. One mentor was Peruvian tenor Ernesto Palacio, who became Flórez’s manager.

source: https://www.allmusic.com

Have musical styles from other countries influenced the music scene in your country? Give some examples.  2 Who are the most popular musicians in your country right now? Do you like them? Do you know of any musicians in your country who sing in another language?  3. What has impresssed you the most in Juan Diego Florez’s life?



Welcome to the blog that has been specifically designed for Comprensión Lectora en Inglés – Course 5 – administered by Idiomas Católica.

This blog aims at providing opportunities for participants to exchange information related to the course. Although our reading course is not meant to develop oral or written communication skills, we have noticed that many of you can and wish to “have your say” in English about issues that we look at in the course. Your participation in this blog can award you up to 5 points in the assessment area labelled Tareas de Evaluación Continua.

Ready to begin? It is easy. The questions on the next message are waiting to be answered! You may want to participate TWICE. The first time, just write your answers to the questions. The second time, you are supposed to reply somebody else’s answer.

Enjoy the experience!

(Source: educatednation.com)

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