Archivo de la categoría: Unit 09

Unit 9: Festivals and Celebrations






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Read this article adapted from, and learn about one of the most popular Indian celebrations.

Holi is one of the most vibrant and colourful festivals celebrated in India. The festival marks the blooming of spring after a long winter season. It is celebrated on a full-moon day of spring in the Phalguna month of the Hindu calendar. (February-March).

Holi signifies the triumph of good over evil and it’s a day when people forgive and forget and let go of the negative energies from their lives to start afresh.

According to Hindu mythology, king Hiranyakashipu was given a boon by Lord Brahma that he could not be killed by either a man or any animal. Considering himself all-powerful, he started troubling his subjects forcing them to worship him.

Furious that his own son Prahlad continued to be an ardent devotee of Lord Vishnu, he planned to kill him with the help of his sister Holika, who had a boon to protect herself from fire. The king asked his sister to hold Prahlad and sit on a pyre. Holika burned in the flames but Prahlad was saved by Lord Vishnu.

Thus, on the eve of the festival — Chhoti Holi or Holika Dahan — large bonfires are lit all over the country to symbolize the moment good triumphed over evil. People perform rituals and throw dry leaves, wood, and twigs into the fire.

Critical Thinking questions:

  1. Why do you think Holi is related to colors?
  2. How do people demonstrate that good prevails over evil?
  3. How would you relate Holi to Spring?