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15/08/22: Blog 5 : Peruvian Music, Dances and Instruments

Blog 5:  Peruvian Music, Dances and Instruments

Thanks to the recent archaeological discoveries of musical instruments, experts now know that in Peru, music has been played at least as far back as 10,000 years ago. This ancient tradition created quenas, zampoñas , pututos ( trumpets made from sea shells) and a wide variety of other wind instruments

crafted from a range of materials such as cane, mud, bone, horns and precious metals, as well as various percussion instruments.

Contact with the Occident has brought over a large number of instruments, which have been creatively adapted to the rhythmic and tonal needs of each region of the country. The clearest evidence is the many transformations that the harp, violin and guitar have undergone in the Peruvian highlands.

The encounter between the Andes and the Western World have given rise in Peru to 1,300 musical genres. But two of them have crossed the country’s borders and have become symbols of Peru’s identity: the huayno and marinera.

Today, Peru continues to assimilate new instruments such as synthesizers, electric guitars, drums and harmonicas. Local musicians are also creating new genres like chicha or Peruvian cumbia, which is enabling Peru’s music to open up to new influences to expand both at home and abroad, beyond native folk music.

This capacity for musical fusion and innovation is a lively expression of the integrating force and dynamic character of Peru’s culture.

PERUVIAN DANCES                                           PERUVIAN INSTRUMENTS 

  • Marinera                                                         – Cajon
  • Huayno                                                           – Quena
  • Vals Criollo                                                     – Charango
  • Sikuri                                                              – Guitar
  • Scissors Dance                                             – Zampoña
  • Festejo                                                          – Quijada
  • Chicha or Peruvian Cumbia

Source:  Peruvian Music, Dances and Instruments (

What do you think?

Should children be encouraged to appreciate traditional or folk music? Why, or why not? 2 Do you think modern music should be mixed with folk music? Do you think traditional Peruvian music and dances will disappear or become more popular in ten years?  Do you think music is something that is universally enjoyed by all cultures? Why, or why not.? 

08/08/22: Blog 4: Dissertation vs Thesis: The Differences that Matter

Blog 4:  Dissertation vs Thesis: The Differences that Matter

As a graduate student, you will have many different types of challenging coursework and assignments. However, the biggest project that you’ll work on when earning your master’s or doctoral degree will be your thesis or dissertation. The differences between a dissertation vs thesis are plenty. That’s because each of these pieces of writing happen at different times in one’s educational journey.



Let’s break down what a dissertation and thesis are so that you have a strong handle on what’s expected. For both a thesis and a dissertation, there is an obvious fluency and understanding of the subject one studies.

Let’s take a look at their similarities and differences.

What is a Dissertation?

When you enter a doctoral program to earn a PhD, you will learn a lot about how to conduct your own research. At the culmination of your degree program, you’ll produce a dissertation.

A dissertation is a lengthy piece of written work that includes original research or expanded research on a new or existing topic. As the doctoral student, you get to choose what you want to explore and write about within your field of study.

What is a Thesis?

A thesis is also a scholarly piece of writing, but it is for those who are graduating from a master’s program. A thesis allows students to showcase their knowledge and expertise within the subject matter they have been studying.

Main Differences Between a Thesis vs. Dissertation

The biggest difference between a thesis and a dissertation is that a thesis is based on existing research.

On the other hand, a dissertation will more than likely require the doctoral student to conduct their own research and then perform analysis. The other big difference is that a thesis is for master’s students and the dissertation is for PhD students. (…)


Dissertation vs Thesis: The Differences that Matter (


  1. Have you ever thought that a Dissertation and a Thesis would have so many similarities? Which ones do you consider as cues? Explain.
  2. Which of the differences gives you a better idea of the difficulty of a dissertation and a Thesis? Do you think you would be able to write one of them easily? Which one? Write your comments!

31/07/22: Blog 3: What are the DIALECTS of PERU

Blog 3:  What are the DIALECTS of PERU

Jul 15, 2021

Peru is a multilingual country in which its official language is Spanish. Their languages ​​are preserved in different areas of the country and are commonly used by its inhabitants. Although it is estimated that it has an average of 50 languages, only some of them are spoken by the most people. In this lesson from a TEACHER we want to show you what are the dialects of Peru, in which areas it is spoken and how many people use it. The State is in charge of protecting and recognizing the different dialects in order to preserve them as a cultural asset of the country.

In the first place and in order to identify which are the dialects of Peru, it is advisable to make a small definition of what they are.

dialectit’s a linguistic system that is derived from another. Despite this, there are differences between the two. These, due to their particularities, are not considered as languages ​​and their particularities are marked by the geographical region in which they are spoken. In Spain, we also have different dialects, as you can read in this lesson. (…)


What are the DIALECTS of PERU (


1.What other language would you like to learn besides English? Why? 2. Do you think some languages are easier to learn than others? Which ones, and why? 3.How many languages do you think will exist 100 years from now? Which do you predict will be the most dominant, and why? WRITE YOUR COMMENTS AND PARTICIPATE!

17/07/22: Blog 2: What is the Difference Between Journal and Conference Paper

Blog 2:  What is the Difference Between Journal and Conference Paper

The key difference between journal and conference paper is that a journal article is a long piece of writing that is published in journals and periodicals, whereas a conference paper is a concise and precise written paper that is presented in research conferences.

Both journals and conference papers present the findings and conclusion of a research study. Moreover, both journal articles and conference papers undergo a review process before the acceptance of papers.


1. Overview and Key Difference
2. What is a Journal
3. What is a Conference Paper
4. Journal vs Conference Paper in Tabular Form
5. Summary – Journal vs Conference Paper  (…)


What is the Difference Between Journal and Conference Paper | Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms


  1. Have you ever prepared a conference or a jounal paper? What was it about?
  2. Could you tell us when you prepared it and where you presented it?
  3. How did you feel after your presentation? SHARE YOUR EXPERIENCE!

11/07/22: BLOG 1: Archaeologists discover passageways in 3,000-year-old Peruvian temple

Blog 1:  Archaeologists discover passageways in 3,000-year-old Peruvian temple 

Archaeologists discover passageways in 3,000-year-old Peruvian temple   –   Copyright  Thomson Reuters 2022

LIMA – A team of archaeologists has discovered a network of passageways under a more than 3,000-year-old temple in the Peruvian Andes.

Chavin de Huantar temple, located in the north-central Andes, was once a religious and administrative center for people across the region.

The passageways were found earlier in May and have features believed to have been built earlier than the temple’s labyrinthine galleries, according to John Rick, an archaeologist at Stanford University who was involved in the excavation.

Located 3,200 meters above sea level, at least 35 underground passageways have been found over the years of excavations, which all connect with each other and were built between 1,200 and 200 years B.C. in the foothills of the Andes.

“It’s a passageway, but it’s very different. It’s a different form of construction. It has features from earlier periods that we’ve never seen in passageways,” Rick said.

Chavin de Huantar, declared a World Heritage Site in 1985, was the inspiration and name of the operation carried out when the Peruvian armed forces built a network of tunnels to rescue 72 people taken hostage by the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA) rebel group at the Japanese ambassador’s residence in Lima in 1997.

Source:  Archaeologists discover passageways in 3,000-year-old Peruvian temple | Euronews


  1. What do you think is challenging about trying to understand the past through archaelogy?
  2. Would you enjoy assisting on an archaeological dig? Why , or why not?
  3. Imagine if, 500 year from now, a team of archaeologists discovered your home. What might they deduce about you, your behavior, and your way of life?  Write your comments!!

30/10/13: Welcome!

Welcome to the blog that has been specifically designed for Comprensión Lectora en Inglés – Course CLECV Plus 3 – administered by Idiomas Católica.

This blog aims at providing opportunities for participants to exchange information related to the course. Although our reading course is not meant to develop oral or written communication skills, we have noticed that many of you can and wish to “have your say” in English about issues that we look at in the course. Your participation in this blog can award you up to 5 points in the assessment area labelled Tareas de Evaluación Continua.

Ready to begin? It is easy. The questions on the next message are waiting to be answered! You may want to participate twice. The first time, just write your answers to the questions. The second time, you are supposed to reply somebody else’s answer.

Enjoy the experience!


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