14/05/19: Unit 9: Our amazing past!

When we talk about the Lord of Sipan, we’re talking about one of the most emblematic figures of the Mochica culture. The Lord of Sipan was an ancient Mochica ruler from the 3rd century, whose discovery proved far-reaching for world archeology as his tomb was the first royal burial site found intact in South America, and belonging to a Peruvian civilization prior to the Inca Empire.

The royal tomb of the Lord of Sipan was discovered by Dr. Walter Alva and his team of researchers in 1987, in Huaca Rajada, an archeological complex southeast of the city of Chiclayo. According to studies, the Mochica ruler was 1.65 meters tall, approximately 30 years old and probably died between 240 and 310 AD. He was found in a wooden coffin, the first of its kind found in America. Next to his head and feet were two skeletons of young women and the skeletons of a dog and two llamas on either side. Covered from head to toe in gold, silver, copper and precious stones, his skull was on a gold plate, showing how important this ancient leader was to the Mochica culture.

Around 600 objects of great historical and monetary value were recovered in the tomb of the Lord of Sipan. Ceramic and carved wooden objects were also found In the sarcophagus, in addition to pieces of gold, silver and precious stones. As for the clothing, three pairs of gold and turquoise earmuffs were found, and a necklace made up of twenty representations of peanut fruits, ten made of gold and ten made of silver. The peanut represented the beginning or rebirth for the Mochica culture.

Adapted from: https://peru.info/en-us/tourism/news/3/17/who-was-the-lord-of-sipan-

What other important discoveries have been made lately? Share and explain your ideas and get extra points!

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  1. Eyleen J Naranjo G escribió:

    I like to be up to date on news, for which I was looking at a national geographic page where it shows that throughout the history of humanity no culture has been as captivated by the animal kingdom as the Egyptian. and tells that they have discovered mummies of animals discovered in Memphis, announced in November by the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities: they found a necropolis of cats, the first mummies of beetles and various zoomorphic coffins, shaped like cobra or crocodile, which They could contain mummies of animals.

  2. luis miguel torres bonifacio escribió:

    In Peru, in recent times, he has seen great discoveries that put Peru in the eyes of the world. These examples of very ancient cultures such as the citadel of Karal or the Chavin culture, leave us as a premise that Peru has a holy and very great land, if our ancestors chose it, being born here is a blessing.

  3. luis miguel torres bonifacio escribió:

    wow, what interesting information, as it is in the text to Mr. de Sipan also mummified with animals, it would be a great job to investigate if there is any Egyptian influence sipan culture

  4. Raúl Martínez escribió:

    Interesting discovery about the Lord of Sipan. Other important discoveries is in the year 1995 was the discovery of the Mummy Juanita, a virgin girl of 13 years of 1.58 meters of height sacrificed as a human offering for the snow of ampato of the department of Arequipa during the reign of the Inca Pachacutec Inca Yupanqui that caused impact to the scientific world by the good state of conservation of some organs, with perfect teeth and strong bones.

    In 2018 discoveries were made of the 20 idols in the Archaeological Complex of Chan Chan-Trujillo-Department of Liberty, carved in wood of 70 centimentros of approx. 800 years of antiquity of height that served as guardians were found in the walled settlement Utzh An.


    Another important discovery in the last decade was the new massive Nazca lines found in the early 2018. They were discovered by a group of archaeologists when they were using drones and special satellites to capture pictures of the ancient geoglyphs. This discovery was surprising for the research community, since these new lines were hidden in plain sight for many centuries. With the documented newfound lines, the real significance and value of these magistral pieces of art could be finally understood.

  6. José Edgardo escribió:

    In 2005, Peru had one of the most important discoveries in its history, archaeologists of the Wiese Foundation led by Mr. Régulo Franco Jordán discovered the tomb of a pre-Inca sovereign: “La Señora de Cao”. The so-called “Lady of Cao” is thought to have died between the ages of 25 and 30 as a result of a health complication in a postpartum stage, she had long black hair in braid and a height of 1.48 m.
    Between the year 300 d.C. and 400 AD, before of the apogee of the Lord of Sipán, the Lady of Cao was perhaps the most powerful woman and leader in the Mochica culture and in Andean history, and who was buried with three principal companions y with artifacts in his tomb were of gold, silver and copper.The tattoos on his body attracted attention, with images of snakes, spiders, fish, felines and astral figures, as well as the crowns, truncheons, nose rings and insignia that represented his power and that generally been associated as masculine clothing.
    His discovery was very important because it showed the political and socioeconomic power of pre-columbian women.
    We are all invited to visit the tomb of the “Señora del Cao” in the El Brujo Archaeological Complex in Trujillo, department of La Libertad. I hope to go soon with my family.
    José Edgardo

  7. José Edgardo escribió:

    Luis Miguel I am in agreement with you, Caral is a great place, an archaeological site declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. For those who live in Lima, it is very close, tour operators offer day trips to visit Caral.
    Caral is approximately 5,000 years old and is considered the first city in America. It is also considered a sacred city with pyramidal constructions and where the ancient settlers exchanged their agricultural products with the fishermen of the coast. It is a pride to have a history so rich in traditions and archaeological sites.
    José Edgardo

  8. Juan escribió:

    In Peru several important discoveries have been made for humanity, for example, in Trujillo, 19 anthropomorphic wooden sculptures have been found, the impression of being guardians for their symbolic characteristics in the main entrance of the Chan Chan archaeological complex, The sacrifice of more than 140 children and more than 200 llamas in Huanchaquito was discovered, occurred in the vast capital of the then Chimú Empire around 1450 AD In Ica it is used in Palpa, in the group of archaeologists it is in a census of ancient geoglyphs in that province, are figures similar to Nasca lines and are within the area declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1994. It also presents 15 human burials discovered in the Huaca Las Abejas, one of the 26 pyramids of the Túcume Archaeological Complex, in the Lambayeque region, all are located in the southwest of the complex. 500 years, of these burials, 4 children of the covered with textiles, one of them in addition to being in good condition, presentations of high quality textiles. Thus we could continue mentioning great discoveries that are generating the evaluation of new theories about the population of man in Peru and America.
    Juan O Salazar Campos

  9. Diana Paola Rodríguez escribió:

    In Colombia, in 2013, 170 archaeologists and workers excavated the largest deposit in Colombia, the herrera culture, dating from 900 BC and located in the rural area of the municipality of Soacha, south of Bogotá. The Colombian Institute of Anthropology and History (ICANH), the official agency, supervised the work.

    The archaeologist explained that there was probably village life and traces of family homes and funeral structures were found.
    They also found 30 complete ceramic objects and about 30,000 pieces of crockery.

    The archeologists determined that it is the herrera culture, which inhabited the cundiboyacense highlands, the region of central Colombia, between 900 BC and 900 AD.

    Diana Paola Rodríguez

  10. Norma Mercedes Mina Aparicio escribió:

    Our country, has important archaeological sites, these places allow us to know the history of our ancestors and understand our situation from the worldview of our ancestors, also, can provide important information for the whole society. One of the important archaeological sites, is the sacred city of Caral, located in the province of Barranca, north of the city of Lima. The existence of this civilization was unveiled from 1996, thanks to the work of archeologist Ruth Shady. It is considered as the oldest civilization of the entire American continent and according to all indications, it can be said that from the civilization Caral originates the Andean civilization.
    Norma Mercedes Mina A

  11. Héctor Arturo Delgado Rodríguez escribió:

    Another important discovery was Caral a place where flourished a civilization represented by a complex of buildings made of mud and stone. Located near the Panamericana Norte Highway in Lima and discovered by the Peruvian archaeologist and teacher Ruth Shady what is amazing and unique of Caral is the fact that it is 5000 years old considered the oldest civilization in this part of the world adding just one more reason to be proud of being Peruvian.
    Peru is a rich country in culture and traditions. In fact, the average of people who visit our country are learned tourists with a lot of historical knowledge and whose goal or dream is to know our land and history. And we as Peruvians have the fortune of belonging to this marvelous country.
    Caral civilization is near Lima and fortunately there are many people capitalizing this tourist attraction with tour operators, hotels and sellers trying to offer their best to the local and international tourist.

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