Virus Writers and Hackers
With the emergence of the personal computer in the 80’s, young people with an interest in the new digital world started to experiment with its possibilities. One way to experiment was to create viruses – computer programs that spread from one computer to another. The intent of the virus writer in the early days was often not malicious. Many were just curious to see how far the virus would travel and they were often unaware of the potential havoc it could leave behind. As the underground computer community grew during the 80’s and 90’s, virus writing got more competitive and the viruses more malicious. It was not yet a hobby the virus writers made money off; they were in it for the challenge and community prestige. By “hackers” they mean computer experts who can create and alter computer code
Hackers can be divided into 3 head categories depending on their intentions:
• White hat hackers: non-malicious hackers, like company employees who test the security of the firm’s own computer system by trying to break into it.
• Black hat hackers/crackers: malicious hackers, also known as crackers, who hack into systems with the intent to steal or vandalize.
• Grey hat hackers: in between the white hat and the black hat hacker, grey hats sometimes act illegally. They will for example break through a system without authorization in order to put vulnerabilities on show and then charge the owner a fee to repair it.
- Can you think of any incidents in the news that involved hackers or virus writers?
- Crimes on the internet cross international borders. Should an international police organization be set up to fight them? Explain your view.
- Have you ever been smart phone- hacked?
- What piece of advice from de video do you consider important?